A typical Dutch Street in Dokkum, Friesland
A typical Dutch street with trees and row houses, a church spire and a canal in Holland. This picture is taken in the town of Dokkum, province of Friesland, in the northern part of The Netherlands.
Dokkum is known in The Netherlands because of the murder of the Anglo-Saxon missionary Saint Boniface (Bonifatius, or Bonifacius) by the Frisians more than 1150 years ago in the year 754. To commemmorate Saint Boniface a statue and chapel were erected in Dokkum.
Some Dokkumers participated in the 5th Crusade in the year 1214, the coat of arms of Dokkum still refers to this, it has a crescent moon and stars in it.
Dokkum received its city rights in the year 1298. In 1572 Dokkum was taken by the Spaniards after the city and inhabitants had joined the Dutch Revolt. In 1597, the Admiralty of Friesland was established here, but after almost 50 years it was moved to Harlingen in 1645.
Dokkum is a fortified town, the fortifications are well-preserved and are known as the "Bolwerken" (trans.: "Bulwarks"). On the "Bulwarks" two windmills are preserved, named "Zeldenrust" (trans.: "Seldom Rest(ing)") dating 1862 and "De Hoop" (trans.: "The Hope") dating 1849, one of them is sometimes open to the public.